The Elephant Seals of California

I was traveling north on Highway One; a highway carved between crumbling rocks, towering Redwoods and the rich blue waters of the Pacific Ocean. Highway One is also carved into literature by some of the greatest American writers. Kerouac, Miller and Steinbeck have all found inspiration on this iconic route. I was also here to be inspired, but my inspiration would come from a different place than that of the great novelists.

I set off from Redondo Beach in the morning, passing through Santa Barbara on the way to San Simeone, where I would spend the night. I arrived shortly after dark with a sense of excitement. At last I was within striking distance of California’s Northern Elephant seals.  It was the Thanksgiving holiday; Not the best time for seal viewing, but a time of year when young animals start to haul up on the beaches. In the past I had made several visits to the area at the wrong time of year, at least this time I had a chance. The following day would surely start with Elephant seals!

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An American kestrel pointed the way to the seal viewing spot at Piedras Blancas. I was churning with excitement as I pulled into the car park. There were a few people there, but it wasn’t crowded. I could see that someone was pointing at a seal, so I tumbled out of the car and grappled for my camera. I didn’t want to miss my opportunity so I trotted to the edge of the beach. I need not have worried; the blubber boulders were everywhere and they were not going anywhere fast.

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Piedras Blancas beach

They were smelly, they were grumpy, they were snotty nosed and noisy, but they were inexplicably charming. I focused on a young animal that was smiling through a magical dream. The heaving heaps of bodies do not stay calm for long, though. One animal shifted position and in doing so accidentally nudges its neighbour, triggering a snarling, gurgling argument.

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Dreaming Elephant Seal
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Grumpy Elephant Seals
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A scratch

We walked along the path where one particularly fat seal was lying on the sand. He was eyeing a patch of sand about 25 meters away, where a couple of smaller seals were sleeping. With the effort of a person shakily completing a hundredth push-up, the barrel of blubber hauled himself in to somewhat of an upright position. He gasped and grunted as, with fat rippling, he dragged himself across the sand, a few exhausting meters at a time. We named him Grunty.

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An Elephant seal sprint
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Grunty the Elephant seal

The seals of Piedras Blancas are Northern Elephant Seals. These prodigious pinnipeds are some the largest seals in the world, second only in size to their Southern cousins. Adult males grow to an immense 5 meters (16 feet) in length and can weigh in at a whopping 2,300 kg (5000 pounds). Females grow to around a meter shorter than the male and don’t generally exceed 800 kg (1800 pound).

The survival of the mighty beasts and the existence of the California colonies are a conservation triumph. The huge sacks of blubber lying on the western beaches were too much of a temptation for humans. When rendered down to oil, the blubber kept the lamps of America burning, and was a lot easier to acquire than that of the mighty whales of the Pacific. The population dropped down to one colony of about 50 animals. Now, thanks to conservation efforts that began in Mexico, the population has grown to around a quarter of a million animals. 

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Elephant seal battle

I left Grunty enjoying a well earned rest after his 10 minute 10 meter sprint, and I walked to the opposite end of the beach. This part of the beach was less peaceful. The seals on the beach at this time of year are mostly young animals or adolescent males. The massive mature males arrive a few weeks later. The adolescent males use this time to pretend that they are battling for the grand title of Beach Master. Elephant seals take their name from the huge nose that develops as they reach maturity. The nose has been known to grow up to 60 cm (2 feet) in length! These long-nosed lard barrels will dominate the beach. The seals that were lumbering into their hopeful battles of the beach were just beginning to show signs of nose growth. Two fat boys began a noisy wrestling match at the water’s edge, while smaller animals watched and learned from a safe distance.

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The seals reared up high and try to assert dominance over each other by pushing their opponent down to the ground. The battle is fought in short bursts, as lifting this much weight on land soon exhausts even the strongest animals.

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The rules of engagement seem a little questionable. The wrestling match soon descends into a brawl, where anything goes. A swift, grimace inducing, bite to the neck looks like the winning move, but the battle swings again.

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Elephant seal neck bite

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The exhausted seals belly flop down to the sand and despite the bite on the neck the grimacing giant ends the bout on top. Just in case his adoring fans hadn’t noticed he reared up one last time to bellow his victory cry, before slumping on to the wet sand with a self-satisfied smirk.

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An Elephant seal roars in triumph

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I walked back towards the car and noticed a huge male with a larger nose than the others, snottily snoring on the warm dry sand. I guessed that it would be a matter of time before he stirred from his slumber to regain his position as the boss. At least for a few days until the first of the mature males arrive.

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Snottily Snoring Elephant Seal

I am grateful for the chance to see these mighty creatures that are given the chance to thrive on some of the prime beaches of the California coastline. My bucket list encounter is only partially checked-off, as I must get back one February to watch the giant males battling alongside tiny newborn pups. The drama of the fight back from extinction, battles for beach dominion, and the birth of new life on California’s coast is drama to rival anything put on paper by Karouac, Miller or Steinbeck.

If you would like to see the Elephant Seals or Piedras Blancas right now then follow the link to Friends of the Elephant Seals Seal Cam.

For more information or to plan your own visit follow the link to Friends of the Elephant Seals website. The non-profit organisation do incredible work and have some fantastic resources.

 

Join the conversation below. Have you seen Elephant seals along the California coastline? 👇👇👇

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David

I am a wildlife blogger and world traveler, using images & stories to inspire wild connections.

17 Comments

  1. As always David your blog posting was very informative. I enjoy reading your blog as it always teaches me something. Being a lover of nature your posts give me joy that there are those in our world who believe in showing others the world right outside their door. As always, keep up the great posts and I look forward to your next one.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. I visited the San Simeon seals in April rather than boring myself with a tour of Hearst Castle – glorifying riches over nature.

    Thought about doing a blog, but no way would I ever match your delightful, funny narrative and excellent photography. Thanks for doing such a stupendous job of it!

    Liked by 1 person

  3. This was a good read David, and wonderful photos. I’d have loved such an encounter.
    I was recently on Vancouver Island to see the Steller and California Seals that haul up to the dock in Cowichan Bay for the salmon fishing at this time of year – same grunting, fighting and flopping. They’re so comical to watch though smaller than the elephant seals.
    Alison

    Liked by 1 person

    • Hi Alison, thank you so much! I spent time with the Steller sea lions on Vancouver Island a couple of years ago. They were a delight! They are pretty big, but not quite the blubber bags that the Elephant seals are. I always get excited when I see seals or sea lions. They are wonderful to watch. Thanks for sharing your encounter.

      Liked by 1 person

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